BLOOD SUGAR

The food we eat undergoes several processes and finally gets converted into glucose or blood sugar. This glucose is the main source of energy. Blood is the transportation that carries glucose to all body parts for the energy. In this way, all body parts perform their function efficiently. In order to maintain sound health one must tend to maintain the glucose level of the blood. It is because both the rise and fall of glucose level in the blood is problematic.

NORMAL BLOOD SUGAR:

The normal blood sugar level ranges are on an adult at fasting is 72-99mg/dL.
The normal blood sugar level before and after eating is 80-130mg/dL, before eating a meal (fasting), it should be less than 180/mg/dL about 1 – 2 hours after eating a meal.
Normal blood sugar ensures good health conditions.
HIGH BLOOD SUGAR:

The high blood sugar level is also known as hyperglycemia.
Most of the blood sugar comes from the food we intake or the drink that contains carbohydrates. However, the liver and muscles also produce some amount of blood sugar. People with high blood sugar suffer the following issues.
Headache, other aches, and pains.
E more thirsty or more hungry.
Feels exhausted or drowsy.
Mouth gets dry.
Often needs to urinate.
Wounds do not heal earlier.
A serious complication, diabetic that needs urgent medical attention.
DIABETES:

Diabetes is a metabolic disease that impairs the body’s ability to process blood glucose.

Kind of Diabetes; Three major diabetes types can develop; Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes; Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body fails to produce insulin. People with such type depend on an external source of insulin. It is because pancreatic 10% of people have type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes; Type 2 diabetes is about the abnormal response of body cells to insulin. The cells in the body do not respond to insulin as effectively as they once did.

It is the most common type of diabetics the people suffer.
Middle-aged and older people prone to type 2 diabetes.
GESTATIONAL DIABETES:

It is a type of diabetes that develops during the pregnancy period of the women. It may end up after childbirth while it may develop into type 2 diabetes, later on, it does not develop in all the conceiving women.

DIABETES COMPLICATIONS:

Complications associated with diabetes.

Heart disease, heart attack or stroke.
Hearing loss.
Neuropathy or nerve damage.
Blur vision.
Foot damage.
Depression.
Skin condition; bacterial and viral infections.
Fatigue.
Slow-healing sores.
Nephropathy or kidney damage.
Alzheimer’s disease.
RISK FACTORS:

Generally, risk factors for diabetes;

Family history.
Environmental factors.
Autoantibodies.
Geography.
Weight.
Inactivity.
High blood pressure.
Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
LOW BLOOD SUGAR:

Low blood sugars is also known as hypoglycemia. It can happen in people with diabetes who take medications that increase insulin levels in the body. Causes of low blood pressure may be not taking enough meals or skipping meals, too many medications excessive exercise, low intake of carbohydrates, etc.

CAUSES:

Low blood sugar may cause;

Rapid heartbeat.
Sudden mood swings.
Sudden nervousness.
Pale skin.
Headache.
Hunger.
Sweating.
Trouble in thinking clearly.
Skin tingling.
Loss of consciousness.
Dizziness.
Coma.
Overdose of insulin.
Medication (like quinine).
When blood sugar level drops down quite low it is a medical emergency people with such conditions should be instantly given; Juice, or regular soda, hard candy or glucose, honey, Sugar.

Thus, in view of all the above-mentioned complexities due to quite low or high blood sugar levels, one must undergo a Blood test. This blood test would determine the abnormality of sugar level efficiently. Blood sugar test can either be done on fasting or at random – after having a meal. After knowing the abnormality of blood sugar level one must take food which ought to maintain its normal level within the blood, However, in the serious cases on should consult the doctor.

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